Orchestra and Choir of the Bucharest National Opera
After 1850, parallel to the Italian theater opened in Bucharest in 1843, Romanian lyrical companies activates and highlights internationally. In 1833 it established in Bucharest Philharmonic Society, and a year later – School of Music vocal declamation and literature within this society. In 1864 is founded music and declamation conservatory in Iasi and Bucharest, so that the conditions for the young people’s training, who wanted a career in the world music, hence the lyric theater.
After 1870 George Stephanescu, as a composer, teacher and conductor, nicknamed “National Opera Bucharest’s Father”, held a major activity in the imposition of a Romanian lyrical company as a state institution. On 8 May 1885 launches the largest lyrical company from Bucharest, with the opera Linda di Chamounix by Gaetano Donizetti. From the beginning, its repertoire is complex, presenting, besides operetta and vaudeville, works of Italian and French opera.
In 1921, The Opera received the necessary funds to meetthe criteria for the institutionalization of a national musical theater, becoming the Romanian Opera. On this occasion, the requirements for the formation of Orchestra and Choir of the Bucharest National Opera as permanent assemblies in this institution. The inaugural show was a remarkable event, thepremiere of the opera “Lohengrin” by Richard Wagner, staged by director Adalbert Markowski, the ensemble being conducted by George Enescu.
After 1950, the Opera has finally received its own premises. This created conditions for the achievement of lyrical andchoreographic productions of primary importance. Over time, renowned conductors such as Umberto Pessione, Egizio Massini, Jean Bobescu, Ionel Perlea, George Georgescu, Alfred Alessandrescu, Constantin Silvestri, Cornel Trăilescu, Constantin Bugeanu, Mihai Brediceanu, Carol Litvin, Paul Popescu and recently Iurie Florea, Vlad Conta, Tiberiu Soare şi Ciprian Teodoraşcu led the performances of Bucharest National Opera a vast repertoire consists of over 150 works of opera and ballet. Bucharest National Opera Choir enjoyed the presences of Grand Master George Kulibin and Master Stelian Olariu.
Currently Bucharest National Orchestra and the Bucharest National Choir each has about 100 musicians. Besides the Bucharest National Opera’s repertoire, both artists of Orchestra and the Choir, participates in the productions of the Opera and Ballet Experimental Studio “Ludovic Spiess” from the institution. They have recitals, chamber music concerts of experimental performances in the theater’s Yellow Foyer.
On the 90th anniversary of the Bucharest National Oper’s institutionalization, its artists will present at the International Festival and Competition “George Enescu” two reference works – Oedipus by George Enescu and Lohengrin by Richard Wagner.